Factors Affecting Public Housing Development Projects In Nairobi County
Sango, Chrispin O
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Public housing is a critical aspect of any urban living space that is undergoing rapid development. Nairobi City County is the capital of Kenya, largest metropolitan area and the most populated city in East Africa. Housing remains a critical element in the psycho-social wellness of human beings. Increasing rural to urban migration, population explosion in urban areas has seen increased pressure on the housing system in urban region. The fundamental purpose of this research study is to establish and evaluate the factors affecting the development of public housing projects in Nairobi County. The specific objectives of the study aim to evaluate the impact of resource availability, corruption, planning processes and the influence of capacity building on the on development of Public housing projects in Nairobi County. The study is anchored on four theoretical models; Resource Dependency Theory, Theory of Constraints, Critical Chain Project Management (CCPM) Theory and Facilitation Theory. The study used descriptive research design. Target population of the study encompasses critical stakeholders in government and corporate sector who form the ecosystem of Public housing development projects implementation. The study shall leverage on structured questionnaire as the tool for data collection. Data analysis will employ both descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS. A multivariate linear regression model shall be employed in the inferential analysis. Data diagnostics of the field survey results will be performed utilizing tests of multi-collinearity, heteroscedasticity, and auto correlation. After a thorough analysis of the data obtained, it was established that resources are most critical item in determining the outcome of housing projects thus they wield an overwhelming effect in the success or failure of housing projects. Corruption, planning and capacity building also have a significant effect and their prevalence or inadequacy may cause negative outcomes for housing development projects. In conclusion, availing the required resources, eliminating corruption, enhancing capacity building, and ensuring there is proper planning would augment the success of public housing projects in Nairobi County.